Articles | Volume 3, issue 2
Research article
13 Jul 2022
Research article |  | 13 Jul 2022

Insight into the structure of black coatings of ancient Egyptian mummies by advanced electron magnetic resonance of vanadyl complexes

Charles E. Dutoit, Laurent Binet, Hervé Vezin, Océane Anduze, Agnès Lattuati-Derieux, and Didier Gourier

Data sets

Hyscore_Endor_Balm, V1 C. E. Dutoit

Model code and software

EasySpin, a comprehensive software package for spectral simulation and analysis in EPR ( S. Stoll and A. Schweiger

Short summary
Egyptian mummies were covered with an enigmatic black organic matter. Its chemical composition is classically determined by molecular analysis methods, which are destructive by nature. In a new analytical approach based on 1H and 14N hyperfine spectroscopy, we use V+ ions, existing at trace level in this black matter, as internal probes for a non-destructive exploration of the material. The results suggest that a common recipe was used for animal and human mummies of different ages.